Apply to the EU Settlement Scheme (settled and pre-settled status)
Who should apply
Except in a few cases, you need to apply if:
- you’re an EU, EEA or Swiss citizen
- you’re not an EU, EEA or Swiss citizen, but your family member is (or is an eligible person of Northern Ireland)
The EEA includes the EU countries and also Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway.
This means you need to apply even if you:
- were born in the UK but are not a British citizen – you can check if you’re a British citizen if you’re not sure
- have a UK ‘permanent residence document’
- are a family member of an EU, EEA or Swiss citizen who does not need to apply – including if they’re from Ireland
- are an EU, EEA or Swiss citizen with a British citizen family member
If you have children, you need to apply for them separately.
If you’re an EU, EEA or Swiss citizen and you have a family member who is an eligible person of Northern Ireland, you may be able to choose which way you apply.
Who else can apply
You can apply to join your EU, EEA or Swiss family member if they started living in the UK by 31 December 2020. You can either:
- apply from outside the UK, if you have a certain type of passport, identity card or residence document
- come to the UK on an EU Settlement Scheme family permit and apply to the settlement scheme once you’re here
You cannot apply to the EU settlement scheme from inside the UK if you arrived after 31 December 2020 and you’re here:
- on a Standard Visitor visa, Permitted Paid Engagement visa, Parent of a Child Student visa or Transit visa
- without a visa, for example if you came through an e-passport gate
You also cannot apply if you’re here on a Marriage Visitor visa, unless you’re applying after you have married or entered into a civil partnership with the EU, EEA or Swiss person you’re joining.
Irish citizens do not need to apply to the settlement scheme. If they choose to, they can apply from within the UK regardless of how they entered.
If you’re not an EU, EEA or Swiss citizen
You also may be able to apply if:
- you used to have an EU, EEA or Swiss family member living in the UK (but you’ve separated, they’ve died or the family relationship has broken down)
- you’re the family member of a British citizen and you lived outside the UK in an EEA country together
- you’re the family member of a British citizen who also has EU, EEA or Swiss citizenship and who lived in the UK as an EU, EEA or Swiss citizen before getting British citizenship
- you have a family member who is an eligible person of Northern Ireland
- you’re the primary carer of a British, EU, EEA or Swiss citizen
- you’re the child of an EU, EEA or Swiss citizen who used to live and work in the UK, or the child’s primary carer
- you’re the family member of a ‘frontier worker’
Who does not need to apply
You do not need to apply if you have:
- indefinite leave to enter the UK
- indefinite leave to remain in the UK
- Irish citizenship (including British and Irish ‘dual citizenship’)
You cannot apply if you have British citizenship.
If you’re an EU, EEA or Swiss citizen and you moved to the UK before it joined the EU
You only need to apply if you do not have indefinite leave to remain. If you do have indefinite leave to remain, you’ll usually have a stamp in your passport or a letter from the Home Office saying this.
If you work in the UK but do not live here (‘frontier worker’)
You do not need to apply to the EU Settlement Scheme if you’re a ‘frontier worker’ or have a Frontier Worker permit.
If you’re exempt from immigration control
You cannot apply to the EU Settlement Scheme. You do not need to do anything to continue living in the UK while you’re exempt from immigration control.
You’ll have been told if you’re exempt from immigration control, for example because you’re:
- a foreign diplomat posted in the UK
- a member of NATO
Your family members may also be exempt from immigration control. If they are not, they may be eligible to apply to the EU Settlement Scheme.
If you and your family members stop being exempt, for example if you change jobs, you will usually need to apply to the scheme within 90 days. If you stop being exempt after 30 June 2021, you’ll be able to apply after the deadline of 30 June 2021, as long as you were living in the UK by 31 December 2020.